Biweekly report on Literature about Youth Policies – Part 2
As new edition of the biweekly report offered by our association on interesting literature and material concerning youth policies and education, we would like to point your attention to the following links of the paper: “MISSIONS A problem-solving approach to fuel innovation-led growth” by Mariana MAZZUCATO.
WHY EUROPE NEEDS MISSIONS The ability of innovation to spur economic growth has long been recognised. Less recognised is the fact that innovation has not only a rate but also a direction. By harnessing the directionality of innovation, we also harness the power of research and innovation to achieve wider social and policy aims as well as economic goals. Therefore, we can have innovation-led growth that is also more sustainable and equitable. Finding ways to steer economic growth, and the European policy agenda, is difficult but necessary. Missions are a powerful tool to do this. They can provide the means to focus our research, innovation and investments on solving critical problems, while also spurring growth, jobs and resulting in positive spillovers across many sectors. Critically, by spearheading public research and innovation investments in new strategic areas that have the possibility to bring together different actors (public, private and third sector) and spurring collaboration across different sectors (e.g. from transport to digital to nutrition) it is possible to awaken private sector investment that continues to lag. Indeed, what drives private investment is the perception of future growth opportunities. Missions help define those opportunities in ambitious ways. Mission-oriented policies can be defined as systemic public policies that draw on frontier knowledge to attain specific goals or “big science deployed to meet big problems”. Missions provide a solution, an opportunity, and an approach to address the numerous challenges that people face in their daily lives. Whether that be to have clean air to breathe in congested cities, to live a healthy and independent life at all ages, to have access to digital technologies that improve public services, or to have better and cheaper treatment of diseases like cancer or obesity that continue to affect billions of people across the globe. To engage research and innovation in meeting such challenges, a clear direction must be given, while also enabling bottom-up solutions. The debate about directionality should involve a wide array of stakeholders, each contributing to the key questions: What are the key challenges facing society; How can concrete missions help solve those challenges; How can the missions be best designed to enable participation across different actors, bottom-up experimentation and system-wide innovation?